Check out my guest post on the EdTechTeam blog about annotation tools I found in Google Art Project that give students more practice in speaking and writing for specific purposes and audiences.
After having spent a couple of years reading numerous blogs on “flipped” learning, seeing posts all over social media espousing the benefits of flipped learning, and watching a few videos of how other teachers in all subjects are flipping their instruction, I decided to at least start experimenting.
But before I could flip or blend, I had to give some serious thought to the concept. I had some very basic questions first:
- What does it mean to “flip” instruction?
- How does “flipping” compare to “blending”
After having a bit read more, I came up with definitions that worked for me (but may not be the “official” definitions…if there are official definitions).
- Flipped instruction means that instructors use technological tools, often videos on the Internet, for their direct instruction of content-specific concepts. Homework is now redefined as watching the videos (or completing other technologically designed lessons) and what used to be homework is now done in class, where the students can benefit from the help and interaction of teacher and peers. There may also be additional resources for extra practice, continued instruction, formative assessment, or enrichment provided online.
- Blended learning means that instructors use technological tools, especially those available online, to provide a variety of resources to their students so that learning can continue and/or be reinforced beyond the school day. Some of these resources may include instructional videos, but not all instruction is delivered via video. Blended programs provide some instruction in class and some via video and supplement the in-class learning with extensive access to online resources for review, practice or enrichment.
For my own instruction, I came to the conclusion that blended would be more effective and more appropriate. Although I am naturally drawn to the concept of dedicating almost 100% of class time to rich, interactive application of concepts and vocabulary learned, I know my own limitations. I cannot truly flip my instruction. You may wonder why not. Especially if you know me. I’m certainly not afraid of the technology! So let me outline three reasons why I purposefully only deliver a small percentage of my lessons on video, but supplement their learning with extensive access to online practice, additional videos by other teachers on the topics we’re studying, and most importantly, numerous links to authentic documents addressing the topics about which we are speaking in class.
- True flipping requires that instructional content be delivered via video. To do all of my content this way goes against everything I believe about student-centered instruction: I don’t know how to do videos that aren’t basically teacher-centered “lectures” that students watch. Yes, they can watch at their own pace. Yes, they can stop, rewind, rewatch the video or even just a portion of the video that caused them difficulty. Yes, I can (and do) craft checks for understanding that are part of my video lessons so students know if they are understanding the material. But ultimately, my video lessons are still less student-centered than my in-person lessons.
- The ideal video lesson is short, preferably around five minutes. The material should be almost impossible for students to misunderstand. One of the main reasons I don’t flip all of my instruction is because I am not convinced that I have the skill necessary to teach every one of my concepts in a way that is unmistakably clear and also concise enough to fit in five minutes of video. So I select only the topics that I know students will readily understand and that are easy to deliver quickly…although I still tend to take closer to 10 minutes per video. Definitely still have work to do here!
- Finally, we must address the issue that is unique to language classes: the content must be delivered entirely in the target language both in class and online. When I look for related videos to add to my students’ resource pages, I am so frequently disappointed to find that the majority of videos posted online explain the language in English. This defeats the purpose of target language instruction and results in lower proficiency outcomes (research shows that students achieve higher proficiency when at least 90% of all instructional time is in the target language). For me, some topics are easier to do online in the target language than others. For year one students, thematic vocabulary works well. Most first-year courses feature vocabulary that is very concrete and for which one can find pictures that make it virtually impossible for students to misunderstand. As the students develop higher levels of proficiency, there are more options for teaching new material in the target language, but I still don’t find all topics suited to flipping. For some topics I prefer to see my students’ faces as I teach and during checks for understanding so I can modify instruction on the spot and ensure the lesson meets all of their needs. Other topics are not suited to flipped instruction because they are actually better taught in an interactive setting rather than via videos watched at home.
Ultimately, flipping (and blending) are like so many other approaches and materials available to educators: they are tools. We need to remember that no single approach is every going to be the most appropriate approach for every lesson or every class of students. We must choose from all of the tools at our disposal to craft the most engaging, productive and relevant lessons for our students. Sometimes, this means that delivering a lesson online will be the best method to address our students’ needs and our instructional goals. Other times, we know that our target objectives simply can’t be met by students viewing a video in isolation: they need to the contact and interaction with others in order to fully understand the concept and to be able to internalize it and make it part of their working language and cultural knowledge.
In spite my own limitations in terms of creating excellent learning via video, I am consistently working on increasing the number of my lessons that are available on video, adding a few videos a year across four levels of French. Why? In order to address the needs of students who were absent or who just find themselves in need of reviewing a topic. Throughout the year, I pick occasional topics for which I record additional lessons so that over the period of several years, I will have built a substantial bank of video lessons my students can consult online if they choose. Of course, this matches my definition of “blended” rather than “flipped” instruction. The videos are there as a resource, but they are not the sole source of content instruction in my classes. They also aren’t fancy. One area of improvement would be for me to include video of me talking in a window in the corner because research shows students have slightly higher outcomes if they can see the teacher in addition to hearing him/her. Another improvement would be for me to have fun with my videos. They are very straightforward and to the point right now. Almost to a fault.
I have found one more great use for blended learning: teacher absences. Don’t get me wrong: I don’t expect teachers to design flipped instruction when they are sick. But I am frequently absent for presentations, accreditation visits of other schools and other professional needs. Because I am absent significantly more than average, I need my students to be able to continue learning even if I am not in the room to teach them and even if they have a substitute who speaks no French. Bring on the flipped lessons. I don’t use them every time I’m absent, but I made great use of them on a recent two-day absence to film a promotional video for National Geographic’s Geo-Educator community. I was absent Friday and the following Tuesday for the flights to and from Washington D.C. (Monday was a holiday). For French 1, I designed a video lesson with built-in checks for understanding regarding personal possessions. My substitute is a retired teacher from my department and knows my technology, so she ran the lesson from my computer and LCD projector. That lesson was delivered on the first day of a two-day absence and it ensured that students were prepared to engage in even more practice activities the second day. Additionally, I purchased in-air wi-fi and I was available to answer students’ questions during my flight to Washington D.C. I only received one question, but I was so happy to be able to be in contact with the class even if I couldn’t be there physically. Students could reach me through the messaging portal of our class network on Schoology (a free tool similar to Edmoto). On the second day of my absence (which was the day of my flight home), I had a different type of flipped learning event ready for my French 4/AP students: I organized a series of authentic documents (video and print media) about important inventions into a folder in Schoology. Students started the lesson by viewing the documents and noting the different inventions as well as their opinions of the inventions. Once they had reviewed the documents, they were instructed to participate in an online discussion (like a forum) I had set up in Schoology. This proved to be very effective. I was online with them in real time for the entire lesson, interacting with them in the discussion from my seat on the plane. I could see how well they understood the documents and could also observe their facility or difficulties with French as they discussed the various inventions in French.
Blending or flipping…or neither. The approach is up to you as long as your decision is always grounded in the approach that will result in the best learning experiences and highest proficiency for your students. If you would like to get started, here are just some of the free tools you can use to record (Google any of these tools to find more information and even tutorials).
- Jing by Techsmith. Limited to five minutes. Also does great screenshots.
- MyBrainshark is an online tool that allows you to add narration to PowerPoints with a microphone or even a telephone. The result is then converted to a movie that anyone can watch on almost any device. This is great for teachers who already use PowerPoint to design lessons and therefore have a lot of material already in that format. Here is a sample for French 1 with the numbers 60-79 taught with photos of the numbers being used in authentic ways (such as highway signs) around the French-speaking world.
- Educreations (iPad) gives you a whiteboard with a voice record feature.
- Touchcast (app and desktop versions)
You’ll also want to explore ways to check for understanding, especially ways that you can embed into your videos. One of the easiest is to create a quick formative assessment in Google Forms. Another option, is to use the quiz features in many learning platforms, including Edmodo and Schoology. Such a learning platform will probably become a necessity if you begin to flip or blend anyway because you will need a robust Web space to organize and share all of your content.
A third option for building in checks for understanding is to create a lesson series that includes your video and other content. You can then sequence all of the material in an online tool such as LessonPaths (formerly Mentormob) or BlendSpace (formerly EdCanvas), both of which allow you include quiz features and/or other activities. It should be noted that the conversion from Mentormob to LessonPaths is not complete yet and new users cannot use it yet. If you have an existing Mentormob account, you can still use that.
Blending provides our students with 24/7 access to instructional content, tutorials, extra practice and enrichment. It is not really an instructional strategy as much as it is a complex system of instructional resources organized for use in class or out of class, during the school day or after hours. Blending may (and often does) include some flipped lessons (meaning they were never delivered in class, only online). Students and parents have responded very favorably, particularly regarding the accessibility of resources. When students have been absent, they have always appreciated it when video lessons were available.
I’ve already crossed the bridge from delivering all content in class to delivering some content online. There really is no going back: over time, more and more of my lessons will be available online and some of those will only be delivered online. In addition, the bank of additional resources available to students will also become more diverse. Maybe I’ll see you occasionally appearing on the flip side as well.
The other day, a friend wrote me and some other French teacher colleagues on Facebook asking how to handle large classes in the lower levels. Over the course of my Facebook conversation with her, I realized I was sharing some tips that could be appropriate to a lot of teachers’ situations. Not all of the tips are uniquely mine. They come from years of experience, talking to colleagues, a lot of reading, and more than a few presentations I’ve attended that inspired me while I learned from others.
Here is my reply to her:
I’m sure you actually know all this, but coming from someone who routinely has 35+ in the lower levels, I recommend routines: seat them in partners; give them a warm up every day (it doesn’t have to be written–they can warm up with short question-answer segments related to previous teaching). They do this while you take roll. Try to do at least one out-of-seat mingle activity in the language every couple of days. Design board games they can play in groups of four for vocabulary and grammar practice. Also effective are dice games, index card games, versions of tic-tac-toe and battleship to practice language.
To meet students’ need for resources and help away from the classroom, try to provide to provide reteaching, review and formative assessment resources online so that if they had questions and you weren’t able to answer (or they didn’t feel comfortable asking) or if they were absent, they can still catch up or keep up. And of course, target language immersion with lots of gestures, visual support and modeling will actually help with classroom management.
If you are allowed to use phones and other devices, I highly recommend designing some practice and formative assessment using online tools such as PollEverywhere, Socrative, InfuseLearning, and Google forms. This way, you and the students can efficiently get (and discuss) a lot of data about their understanding and progress. Socrative and InfuseLearning provide multiple, interesting ways for your students to respond.
To get speaking samples from all of your students quickly, set up a Google Voice phone number and they can leave you a voice message in French. They can even do it all at the same time from your room (turn off the feature that forwards Google voice to your cell phone first otherwise they cannot all leave a message at the same time). Within five minutes, you can have an audio response from each of your students that you can later listen to in order to give feedback—this is great in large classes! But, be sure to remind them to state their names in their messages if you wish to give individual feedback.
If you have the whole class preparing a presentation, consider having the students use an online presentation creator such as SlideRocket, Google presentation, or Prezi. When the students are ready to submit their presentations, create a Google form with just two questions:
- What is your name? and
- Paste the link to your presentation here. Be sure your presentation is “public”.
When the students complete the form, it will automatically create a spreadsheet for all of the responses. When you want students to give their presentations to the class, you won’t lose time opening, closing and ejecting hard drives; you will merely open the spreadsheet from your Google Drive and you can click seamlessly and efficiently from one presentation to the next. This saves enormous amounts of class time. The larger the class, the more time it saves. You can also easily access their presentations later from any computer with Internet for more detailed grading.
To manage the task of answering numerous students’ questions in a large class, start an “ask three then me” system to make it easier to address student questions during independent and group work. In this system, before they can raise their hands for your help, they must have first sought help from three different students. If none of them know the answer, chances are it is a question you should address with the class anyway.
Do you have tips for maximizing instructional time with large classes? Post them in the comments!
After completing my “Side-by-Side” post comparing online thematic content curation on MentorMob and EdCanvas, I ultimately chose to create student learning experiences using both tools.
As noted in the original post, I used MentorMob to create a multi-media introduction in to hunger in the world for my French 2 students to set the stage for an article from the United Nations that they would be reading. Students are exposed to statistics in the form of videos, infographics, running counters and other online resources, all of which are organized into “steps” in the MentorMob playlist.
For my French 4/AP class, I needed something different. With the Peace Corps’ World Wise Schools program, they have been corresponding with a Peace Corps volunteer in Bénin (a French-speaking country in West Africa) since the beginning of the year, but I’ve found that they have struggled to craft thoughtful, detailed responses to her letters to us. So, I decided to use EdCanvas as the platform take her last two letters (yes, we did fall behind!) and chunk them into smaller pieces, including some additional Internet content along the way. And of course, there are activities and other prompts for students to compare, analyze, reflect and respond to what they are seeing in both her letters and in the related content I put at their disposal.
In order to provide the most fair comparison for readers about the two tools, you should see finished activities created for student use. Both MentorMob and EdCanvas provide excellent options for teachers to lay out a rich, multi-media presentation that includes interactivity and is sequenced to enhance student understanding. You can see both the French 2 and French 4/AP activities at the top of the home page of my class Web site.
Feel free to try the activities out for yourselves…of course, they are all in French :-) In my classes, both of these learning experiences are leading directly to a more focused student language production activity. After doing the activities on MentorMob, French 2 students will work in groups to read a chunk of the the U.N. article, write a summary of their section and create a visual representation of the statistics in their section. Then, all the groups will circulate to examine the work of the other groups and rank the different statistics in order of importance. Ultimately, they will create their own infographics using the statistics in the entire article and they will have the option to also include information from the content they will have viewed on MentorMob.
The French 4/AP students will reply to Megan, write introductory letters to the students in the village school, and begin a collection drive for the art and school supplies our Peace Corps volunteer had earlier indicated were lacking in the school.
This week, my students in French 2 are continuing their study of food and nutrition. In order to further their study and take it beyond lists of foods to memorize, I wanted to use an article I tried with French 2 last year. The article, Ten Things You Need to Know About Hunger, 2013 comes from the World Food Program (funded by the United Nations)– and is available in French and English as well as in other languages. The article is redone every year with new statistics. Those statistics that haven’t changed are used again the following year. The article is broken into 10 small chunks, making it very easy to work with in a world language class, although the students do need some vocabulary support.
Last year, I had students work in groups with just one “chunk” from the article. They read and discussed their assigned part and then converted the statistics printed in that part into some kind of visual representation for the rest of the class: a bar graph, pie chart or other representations. They also wrote a summary sentence about their statistics in simpler French. Students then circulated, visited all the groups and ranked the different statistics in order of importance (based on their own opinions. The activity went quite well, but I wanted to expand on it for this year, so I decided to provide an introduction to the article by first having students examine online, multi-media information about hunger in the world (some of which is the same information in the article they will see). I needed tools that would allow me to organize and annotate the resources so that the students can progress meaningfully through the various photos, videos and infographics I had found.
I chose two tools that are both designed for education for this purpose and created essentially the same curated site of online documents and activities in both tools. The first tool I tried was EdCanvas and the second tool in which I organized the same resources was MentorMob. And the idea for a side-by-side comparison was born. So, here is my first side-by-side tool review: MentorMob and EdCanvas.
What they do
Both tools allow you to select web content, images, and files you want your students to examine and experience. Both tools also help you to put those resources in order so that students see them in the order you would want them to experience them, even if you are not the one clicking “next”. This allows them to view the content anytime, anywhere and still experience it in the order you intended.
Here are images of the two home screens (what you see when you sign in). You will see any items you have created using the tools in a list.
Ease of use from a desktop or laptop computer
MentorMob is very intuitive for both teachers and students, especially if users have experience with Web 2.0 tools that allow online editing. Content you add to MentorMob is organized in a playlist. Each item in the playlist is called a step. Students click “Next” in order to proceed to the next item in the playlist. Once they have moved to step 2 or beyond, students can also click on “previous” to revisit content they have already seen. EdCanvas is also very intuitive, especially if users have experience with Web 2.0 tools that allow online editing. The content you add to EdCanvas is organized into “tiles” and the students will view the tiles in the order you have prescribed when creating the canvas. Students click on the left or right arrows that appear on the sides of the content to navigate to additional items.
Ease of use on phones and tablets
Here, there is a distinct difference between the two products. I tested them on an iPhone and an iPad, knowing that Flash objects are usually problematic with that operating system. MentorMob definitely came out on top in that regard. MentorMob (below, left) does a better job optimizing the pages for viewing on the mobile devices. In EdCanvas, the user has to move the image around in order to see the whole thing, as displayed in the two images on the right, below.
One issue that did come up with MentorMob on iPhone and iPad deals with “challenge questions” and “pop quizzes”. These will be discussed in more detail below, but users need to know that neither option currently works on mobile devices. I contacted MentorMob and they are working on making this available for mobile. For now, students need to be on desktops or laptops to respond to these activities.
Ease of creating and editing content for one’s project
MentorMob has an easy interface for adding content, but you have to have already identified any online content you wish to add. You can’t search from within MentorMob (although you can always open a new window/tab and search from there). You will notice that you can create a “step” that is a “quiz”. This feature is discusse da bit later. You can add links, upload files, write new content directly into a MentorMob step (as an “article”) or create a “pop quiz”, as shown in the image on the left. In addition to adding your own documents (as in MentorMob), EdCanvas allows you to search for content for your project from within EdCanvas and the results appear in a window on the right of your current EdCanvas project (see below, right). You can also preview videos from within this search. The Google button has a toggle switch to choose to search Google Images or Web search. You can also upload documents from your Dropbox and Google Drive accounts.
Annotating your content
MentorMob gives you two ways to annotate your content: you can “write an article”, which becomes its own step (see the photo above), or you can edit the “details” for a step and those details are available as students look at the content for a step.
EdCanvas also has two ways to annotate content: you can create a description or add a comment. If you create a description in advance, it will appear as the first comment, to the right of the “canvas” when students are viewing it.If you choose to add a comment while watching an EdCanvas presentation, you may record 30 seconds of audio by clicking on the microphone, or you may type a comment, as indicated in the photo. The comment that is already there was added by creating the description of the tile in advance.
Creating student response activities
MentorMob has a clear advantage here if students will be viewing the playlist on a desktop or laptop computer rather than on a mobile device. You can create a “challenge question” for any step in the playlist. Challenge questions will pop up when the student clicks to go to the next step after viewing a step with the content on which the challenge question was based.
You can also create a “pop quiz” or “test”. These are actually the same thing, but the name changes depending on how you access it within MentorMob. When you want to create one, you choose “pop quiz” as the type of content you wish to add. When you’re actually editing/creating it, it is called a “test,” as you’ll see here:
One downside is that tests and challenge questions can only have multiple choice or true-false options in MentorMob. However, users can get around this by also using other online tools, such as Google Forms, PollEverywhere or Socrative to create an activity, and then they could make a new “step” with a link to that activity. Another downside, as mentioned earlier, is that neither quizzes nor challenge questions will appear if students are using mobile devices. If teachers know that students will be using mobile devices, they should plan to include these types of activities using other online tools such as Google forms, PollEverywhere or Socrative and inserting the links.
When it comes to creating activities for students to do as they view your curated content, EdCanvas is at a clear disadvantage. There are no built-in options for student interaction with the content. Teachers using EdCanvas have the following options:
- to type directions for some kind of activity either in the description or the comments (see above),
- to provide an activity on paper,
- or to use another online tool, such as Google Forms, PollEverywhere or Socrative to create an activity and then they could insert the link to that activity as a new tile. This can also be done in MentorMob and is discussed further below.
Adding other types of content from online tools
MentorMob and EdCanvas both do this very easily. In MentorMob, you find (or create) the online content you want and then choose “Paste link” to put the URL for that content into your play list. In EdCanvas, you find or create your online content and then choose the “Web search” icon to put the URL for that content into your playlist.
Adding content while browsing the Web
If you use Chrome as your browser, you can install an extension for MentorMob that will allow you to add an online resource to any playlist you have already created just by clicking the MentorMob extension. EdCanvas has a “bookmark this” snippet so that you can bookmark any Web document to EdCanvas while you are browsing. Simply drag it from the bookmarked resources onto the new tile. It does not require you to specify which canvas you wish to add the bookmark to. Instead, you will later select that bookmarked item while you edit the canvas in which you would like to place the item as a new tile.
The nitty gritty….MentorMob or EdCanvas?
So after all of this, which one did I choose for my students? Both were easy to use. Both are free. Both are promising in terms of curating content for students and guiding them in their interactions with the content. Both also have glitches and quirks. But in the end, although I was impressed with the in-program search, drag and drop features of EdCanvas, I ultimately chose MentorMob for the following reasons:
- With “challenge questions” and “test/pop quiz” features, MentorMob allows for more fluid and intuitive creation of student activities to help them process the content you’ve curated and interact with that conten. In fact, just having these features present reminds teachers to engage their students with the content rather than have them passively view it. Admittedly, this will be an even bigger selling point when it works on mobile devices, given how many schools (including mine) depend on student devices in order to increase students’ access to the Internet at school. Our one computer lab form 2,000 students is almost always reserved and we do many of our online activities using students’ phones and tablets.
- With both EdCanvas and MentorMob, when students explore links you’ve provided, they also have access to all other hyperlinks on those pages, which merits a cautionary note by itself: those links may lead to content you did not intend for your students to see. I highly recommend that teachers “play student” and click around on the pages they are linking to their MentorMob and/or EdCanvas activities. That said, MentorMob has a helpful feature that is missing in EdCanvas: when students click on a link within a page in MentorMob, a message pops up at the top of the page letting them know they have left the original page and giving them a hyperlink back to the original page. Better still, this message appears even if the students click on two, three or several links that appear on a page.
- With mobile devices, the page layouts were typically more correct on mobile devices with MentorMob than they were were with EdCanvas.
- The interface of MentorMob is generally more attractive (this is opinion, but then again, a lot of decisions we make are at least partially driven by opinion). For example, the “Double Click to Add Text” feature in EdCanvas doesn’t have any formatting options for that text. I only wanted to type a small description, but a full-screen white page appears in the student view with tiny type at the top. There is no way to designate a header or do any other formatting.
In MentorMob, this same option is achieved by inserting an “Article”. When you do, you are prompted for a title, description and then content. Although you may still have a lot of white space on the page if the content is not long, the ability to designate separate titles, headers and descriptions provides students a more authentic and natural way to receive content in a format that is generally more attractive.
Unfortunately, in the mobile version, the “article” view in MentorMob would benefit from a programming adjustment: it currently places the article too high on the page so the title of the article is difficult to read.That said, it does still possess more formatting than is present in EdCanvas mobile or desktop, making it easier for students to process the information presented. But, there is a lot of white space…scroll down to see the rest of the article.
Stay tuned for the next article in my “Side By Side” series: Using PollEveryWhere and Socrative to create engaging student activities and formative assessments they can access on their mobile devices.
I’ve been experimenting with a monumental shift in my homework policy. My original policy had been in place since I started teaching in 1993: students typically had homework Monday – Thursday nights with occasional long-term projects. When choosing and deisgining homework activities, I did almost everything right, according to the research that does exist about best practices in homework: it was not busy work; it was clearly related to both the content of the lesson in class and the objectives on which students would be assessed later; it was not excessively long; and students had access to a variety of resources to help them complete it. Everything was right…except that there is mounting research that homework has no effect on student achievement.
In mid-fall, I made a paradigm shift and did away with virtually all of my homework assignments (see earlier post). Now that I have been working without regular homework for several months, it is time to analyze, reflect and decide if this approach is proving valuable for teaching and learning. And the answer is a resounding yes–yes it is valuable.
That is not to say that there haven’t been some difficulties along the way. The biggest issue is that it now takes me longer to complete the teaching, practice, reflection cycle with my students because almost all of the practice now has to fit into classtime (and because I’m still not ready to completely “flip” my instruction and have my students try to teach themselves at home….more on that in a separate post). So it appears we are going much slower than in the past.
But that is it. The only negative. The only “con” to this approach. Are there benefits? Absolutely.
- Students are completing almost 100% of the practice activities now. Before, some students (the “best” students) did all of the practice. Now ALL students are doing ALL of the practice. Research shows that the majority of students don’t choose to “neglect” homework, but rather that they don’t complete it because they don’t think they understand the material well enough to bother trying. By doing the work in class students can get immediate assistance from their peers or from me. This minimizes their mistakes in general, it almost eliminates fossilization of errors, and it maximizes quality practice that reinforces correct usage/application of the content in their brains.
- Assessment scores have increased across the board. My current students are scoring higher than ever on their various assessments (and I’ve been teaching for 23 years). Although this is not a scientific study, I do have some basis for comparison since I actually teach the same students year after year. This is one of the joys and benefits of teaching French: I love how well I know my students and the community that develops within our room as relationships are given the opportunity to grow over several years.
- Students are asking for help more often and students are also serving as in-class resources, helping each other. I’ve always had my students sit in groups. This is a language class after all, and I would like their speaking environment to be as natural as possible. I always thought the students would help each other and that would be a side benefit of seating them in groups, but this is the first year that such peer-to-peer assistance has been commonplace. Better still, the students are learning about each others’ strengths, and I’ve heard all of my students contribute positively to the success of at least one other student by helping–no matter how “low” the student may appear to be.
- When students complete independent practice, they are ready to do it at home, without their peers or teacher nearby–and they are still getting it right! I don’t assign as much of this as perhaps I should, and this will be an area of growth for me as I continue to work with this new approach.
- Students are generally more confident in class. In fact, French 3 is handling authentic literature with a degree of comfort and enthusiasm I have never seen before!
Too often, the homework assigned is busy work or it is students being expected to teach themselves. And even when the homework is relevant, it is often assigned too early in the learning process, which leads to many students feeling like it is pointless to even try the activity. Students need “guided practice”, which means that they need opportunities to practice (and play) with new material with the support of teachers, aides and peers before they can progress to “independent practice.” Guided pracitce is typically what is assigned for homework, often in a worksheet format. Most guided practice activities have only one right answer. We know that we need to move students away from this and towards open-ended, independent practice. But that doesn’t mean we skip guided practice: it is an essential part of the learning process. The students’ success with guided practice activities are the barometer by which we (and the students themselves) judge whether or not they are ready to work more actively and deeply with the material outside of the confines of our rooms and the support structures of our presence.
For this post, I think my recent communications with a colleague and subsequent posts (and related comments) on social media will speak for themselves.
Let’s begin at the beginning with this email thread….names removed (except my own), of course.
From: Teacher A
Sent: Thursday, January 24, 2013 3:28 PM
To: Nicole Naditz; Teacher B
Subject: Foreign language required for graduation
Hi, Teacher B and Nicole:
Our district is in the process of writing new graduation requirements. Our school would like to know if you are in favor of making foreign language a requirement for graduation.
From: Nicole Naditz
Sent: Thursday, January 24, 2013 5:55 p.m.
To: Teacher A, Teacher B
Absolutely!!! If we are serious about preparing students for work and citizenship after high school, language and cultural studies must become a part of the curriculum. And if our district is serious about the 21st century skills as adopted in our strategic plan, then graduation requirements should be established that provide students with the curriculum necessary to meet those skills (world languages are listed as second, only behind English, in terms of core subjects in the 21st century skills adopted in our district. Additionally, those skills documents call out cross-cultural awareness as a key skill needed by our business and industry and world language classes are one of the only places this happens). I have plenty of data and research to back this up.
I sent a follow-up almost immediately…
From: Nicole Naditz
Sent: Thursday, January 24, 2013 5:57 PM
To: Teacher A, Teacher B
Subject: RE: Foreign language required for graduation
However, if we actually establish a requirement for two years, for example, we need to honor and recognize those students who are already bilingual. While we should encourage them to start on the road to multilingualism, they should not end up feeling “punished” because they are already fluent in English and another language.
Nicole Naditz, M.Ed
National Board Certified Teacher of French
Google Certified Teacher
Bella Vista High School
And now, the “debate” on the issue begins. Except, my colleague doesn’t really debate the issue. Her arguments revolve solely around the fact that she (and she is not the only one, unfortunately) simply does NOT want to have to teach everyone. As long as world languages aren’t required, she and others will keep having a fairly select group of students. Hmmm. I didn’t think that’s what we were talking about, but I’ll let you decide for yourselves. Here is the thread of our “debate.”
Sent: Thursday, January 24, 2013 9:47 PM
To: Nicole Naditz; Teacher A
Subject: RE: Foreign language required for graduation
We have discussed this many times in the past. Although it seems to be a good idea for our job security it may be disastrous for our classes. Can you imagine all students having to take a language? I don’t know about your school but it seems like we are already lowering our standards and rigor to accommodate different levels of students. I think we would have to add lower academic Conversational classes in the mix and possibly Honors level for university bound. Would love to join in on any meetings you may have concerning this.
Hi Teacher B,
I knew we would disagree on this, and we both feel equally strongly.
I’m not thinking about my job security (I probably wouldn’t be a French teacher at all if I was). I’m also not thinking about lowering my standards or anyone else’s. I’m thinking about our students and our role to prepare them for work and citizenship. Business leaders have been quite clear: schools are NOT providing them with employees who have language and cultural skills and they are not equipped to do that; they count on schools to do that, including K-12 because not all jobs/fields require a college degree. We still have a large percentage of students who go from HS to work. Literally 200,000 Americans are denied jobs every year because they lack the language skills the company seeks and those jobs are across sectors and education levels. The companies are then forced to give the jobs to native speakers and pay for them to be relocated to the U.S.
World languages already ARE a requirement in many, many districts, many of which have a much higher “at-risk” population, including the district of our national language teacher of the year 2007 (from Natomas). She and her colleagues in Spanish don’t lower their standards–they teach for proficiency and give students the tools to be successful.
We in SJUSD do the same for our students now. Why are we thinking we can’t teach students? We have all answered a calling to teach students and prepare them for the future–not just teach the cream of the crop or just the ones who select our classes. I think our district language teachers are quite skilled. I encourage anyone to visit my class. Differentiating to meet the needs of learners does NOT mean lowering standards.
Nicole Naditz, M.Ed
National Board Certified Teacher of French
Google Certified Teacher
Bella Vista High School
Then, Teacher B decided to provide “data” to prove her point that world languages are not appropriate as a graduation requirement. By the way, Teacher A and B are also both language teachers. In the email thread she sent me as proof, I do have to give her credit for attempting a bit of advocacy for world language education. But only a little bit!
Date: Friday, January 25, 2013 8:15 AM
ta spot first period
I have a sophomore, (name removed) who injured himself and is unable to remain in P.E. first period. Does anyone have a need for a ta? Please let me know if you could utilize some help.
From: Teacher B
Sent: Friday, January 25, 2013 8:57 AM
Subject: Re: student in need of ta spot first period
How about a real class like Spanish 1, 1st period.
[Thank you, teacher B for suggesting a valuable option that will provide him with more learning experiences than being a TA]
Date: Friday, January 25, 2013 9:33 AM
Subject: RE: student in need of ta spot first period
Sure. But, not sure that this student is up for that. I can suggest it to him though!
[It should be noted that this is a block school, so although the date is January, the Spanish one class to which the teacher refers just started three weeks ago.]
And then, her coup de grace, the whole reason she feels she has proven her case. This message to me about why she forwarded this thread.
From: Teacher B
Sent: Friday, January 25, 2013 10:32 AM
To: Nicole Naditz; Teacher A
Subject: FW: student in need of ta spot first period
Interesting that I just received this e-mail from the counselor. Please read from bottom to
top. [Note to reader: I have already fixed the order.] I always promote Spanish, but even the counselors would not put just everyone in
And, finally. My reply to Teacher B:
Hi Teacher B.
Thank you for giving this serious consideration. The dialog is good for all of us.
I still believe students should be given the opportunity to meet the gamut of standards we have in place for success after high school. That doesn’t mean I’ve never had a student fail at semester. I had two students drop F at semester, but that was after substantial effort on my part to work with them and their counselors and parents to meet their needs–the students themselves did not reciprocate. That said, this is the first year I’ve had drop Fs.
On the other hand, I can give several counter examples for every year that I have taught of students whom the counselors actually fought to keep out of language (but parents and myself prevailed and got them enrolled in language classes). They were being denied access because of their grades in other classes and now, they are A or B students in French. No one should be making generalizations about a students’ aptitude. I prefer to their work in the actual course speak for itself.
I still feel we are doing the a disservice if we refuse to even try. And, we have many, many examples of districts and schools who have for years required language for graduation. We can look at their practices and their results. I don’t believe “disastrous” is used by their teachers to describe their situation or they would have abandoned the practice. I would encourage you to talk to Christine Lanphere about how it works in Natomas–almost 95% free-reduced lunch, majority non-white, and yet the expectation to receive a high school diploma is (and has been) two years of language. [I must insert a correction here: I later found out that Natomas requires one year of language, not two; however it is a graduation requirement]. In fact, I share your concern about rigor and standards; we have the lowest standards for graduation now (compared to Natomas, Sac City, Elk Grove and others) because WE don’t have language requirement. Who’s watering down?
Nicole Naditz, M.Ed
National Board Certified Teacher of French
Google Certified Teacher
Bella Vista High School
This email conversation made me so sad…are we still so naive and self-centered in our thinking when it comes to discussing educational issues. Well…rather than compose my thoughts again, I’ll let my social media feed save me a bit of time…
So in response to whether or world languages should be required for graduation in our district (as is already the case in most districts near us, including the two comparably-sized/population status districts), this is what one teacher wrote: ” Although it seems to be a good idea for our job security it may be disastrous for our classes. Can you imagine all students having to take a language? I don’t know about your school but it seems like we are already lowering our standards and rigor to accommodate different levels of students.” Really??? We shouldn’t consider it because you don’t want to teach everyone? Or because you don’t want to learn how to truly differentiate (the definition of which is in fact to NOT lower standards, but to design instruction that allows all students to meet and even exceed the standards)? Really? So you want to base our curriculum and our requirements on what’s easy for you and not what’s best for students? *sigh
Follow up: In other words you want the conversation to be about your needs and not the students’. And not at all a reasoned dialog about the pros and cons of language and cultural study and the relationship between that and students’ (and employers’/communities’) needs post high school.
And another follow up:
Homework experiment: Self-directed practice and reflection
After reading extensively about homework–best practices, pros and cons of assigning homework, and quite a bit of recent literature suggesting that teachers should forgo homework all together–I’ve decided to at last take a new look at my homework policy to see if an update would be beneficial. Almost immediately, a key question surfaced: Who is the homework for? Is it for the teachers in order to have something to put in the grade book? I don’t think so. Is it for the teachers to provide evidence of opportunities students have had to practice? I really don’t think that is the driving purpose of homework either. Is it intended to provide students with additional practice? Yes, this is part of the answer, but that’s only true if the homework is completely aligned with the learning that occurred in class and if the students actually do it! Is it for the students to supplement what is learned in class by teaching themselves new/additional material? I don’t believe so; I have never been in favor of assigning students chapters to read for homework as if that would teach them the material. If we thought that students merely needed to read in order to learn, why have teachers at all? Yet many, many teachers assign textbook “chapters” as homework, often while continuing on with their own lectures (which themselves merit being the topic of an entirely different post on this blog) that are disconnected from the material the students are supposedly reading (and learning) at home.
Ultimately, I decided that I firmly believe that the purpose of homework is–or should be–to provide students with additional opportunities to practice and apply concepts learned in class in ways that are meaningful and useful to them. It’s not busy work and students shouldn’t be completing it just because the teacher said so. Since I have never felt that it is appropriate for teachers to expect students to teach themselves content as their homework, I have always worked carefully to ensure that the homework I assigned was aligned to our targeted objectives for that day. Nonetheless, every year, there are some students who just won’t do the homework and won’t take advantage of my policy allowing students to make up missed homework during our weekly tutoring sessions in my room.
Although I saw a lot of good points in the literature advocating abandoning homework (allowing students to develop other avenues of interest, such as sports, volunteering or the arts; ensuring more time available for family events, lack of a statistically significant impact on learning/achievement in some studies), I am not willing to completely toss homework out of the entire learning process. So I came up with a compromise, albeit one that will require a lot more thought and reflection on the part of the students and a lot more diligence in grading on my part. As our new homework experiment plays out, I’m hopeful that this new emphasis on individualized, student-driven homework will result in greater achievement. But I’m also hopeful that this will be more respectful of each students’ learning needs. Students can choose to not do homework on the topic we are studying in class that day if they honestly don’t need any additional practice in order to understand or produce the material with high accuracy. As a result, they are free to use the time getting additional practice on other topics with which they are having difficulty, thereby helping students reflect on their own learning and learning needs.
Here’s what I gave my students today to explain the policy:
For at least the next couple of weeks, we will be doing homework a bit differently for French 2, 3, 4, and AP.
Note: What I normally would have assigned for homework, we will now complete and discuss in class, so you will get at least the same amount of practice, and possibly more practice than you are getting now. [Note to readers of this blog: this point is of great importance to me: it ensures that students are guaranteed at least the same amount of practice with each new concept that they would have had under the old policy, while also building in the practice time so that students who weren't completing that practice can now have support from peers and the teacher to complete the activities. As stated in the policy, this should lead to most students actually getting more practice with this new policy than they did under my old, teacher-centered homework policy].
In addition to what is completed in class, students will create their own additional practice opportunities. Follow these directions precisely for credit:
1. Use the French class reflection and practice form that will be supplied in class. It will also be attached on the “resources” page (for all levels).
2. On Mondays, you will complete the “topics” fields so that you know what to study and practice for the week.
3. For each topic that you practice, complete all the cells in that row of the table.
4. Attach work samples as evidence of what you did, if there are any. If you say you did written practice, you must supply the evidence! If you did the work online, print a sample of your work and the score you earned, if the program gives a score. Be sure to include a “short” URL so I can see where you practiced or the online lesson you viewed.
5. Each day of the form will be stamped as will any work samples submitted
6. Ask questions in class based on the areas that caused you difficulty when you practiced the night before (you’ll record your questions on the form as part of the homework).
7. If you find good resources online, add them to our French class wiki (be sure to add them to the appropriate level, or to all levels if they provide good resources for all years of French): http://bvhsfrenchresources.wikispaces.com
[Note to readers of this blog: In order to help students focus their efforts, every day I will suggest a practice activity they could do for homework, based on what we are learning and where they are at in terms of their proficiency with the new material. They are free to choose to do something else, but the fact that I will provide some suggestions in this area is particularly important for some of my students who are less skilled in study strategies and struggle to identify useful techniques].
You will earn two grades for your homework:
1. Your initial homework grade will be up to 5 points for evidence of 5 days of practice, submitted on Mondays. You will earn one point for each day of evidence submitted. For most students, this will go in the “writing” category.
2. You will then receive an additional homework grade that will be determined AFTER you take assessments on the topics: you will earn the same grade for the “homework assessment” score that you earn on the quiz/test of that topic. Each skill assessed on the quiz/test will have 10 points for the homework assessment grade, of which you will earn the same percent as you score on the subsequent assessments. For example if you score 82% in reading proficiency on a quiz, you will earn 8.2 points out of 10 for your reading homework assessment grade. Speaking will be graded only on weeks leading up to oral presentations and oral assessments, when you will note how you have practiced for the speaking portion each night. If you would like to earn a higher grade after your assessment, you may come in Mondays and Tuesdays at lunch for our tutoring and practice clinics. We will go over your reflection form and the work you did, correct any errors you did not correct prior to the assessment, and determine if there are additional ways you could practice that might lead to more successful results. You will then earn full credit for the homework assessment grade and you will be eligible to retake the assessment for a higher grade as well.
[Note to readers of this blog: Every day, our "homework corrections" will involve having students share how they are practicing/studying in their groups so that they can see the strategies their peers are using. We will also go over any questions the students had while they were attempting to practice. Recording their questions/difficulties each day is an important part of their daily reflection because it ensures that they are thinking about their own learning and where they have gaps to address.]
HOW CAN I PRACTICE?
Here are some suggestions for coming up with your own practice activities in addition to the practice we will be doing in class. You might come up with other ideas.
1. Redo textbook and workbook activities writing new sentences based on the ones you already practiced. Change the subjects (for example, if sentence number 1 in exercise 2 in the textbook used “je”, redo it with “tu”). Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have.
2. Go over the notes and add additional examples using a variety of subjects, masculine, feminine, singular, plural. For more advanced levels, use a variety of verb tenses as well. Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have.
3. Go online to Quizlet and play the games. Be sure to set them up so that they require you to write in French, not English. Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have. You can find our flashcard sets on the “links” page of the class Web site.
4. Go online to the Website for your textbook and do the online practice (French 2 and 3, go to http://www.classzone.com; French 4/AP, go to the “Imaginez Supersite”). Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have.
5. Make your own flashcards for vocabulary and even for verb conjugations and then practice writing the French and checking yourself against your flash cards. Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have.
6. Write completely original sentences using the material we are learning. Get together with another classmate to go over them and see what questions you both have. Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have. Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have.
7. Come in before school or at lunch to practice in the classroom. You can come by yourself or with a group. Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have.
8. Go online and look for French instruction videos made by Madame Naditz or other teachers that explain the same concepts. Watch the videos and do some written practice based on them. Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have.
9. Go online and look for and do online French practice on our topics. Be sure to note what questions/difficulties you have.
10. Create new activities like the ones in the book and workbook and exchange them with a partner for him/her to complete. Be sure you also have an answer key.
11. There are even some places online where you can practice listening. Check the links page of my Web site or go to http://www.flagsteacher.com and go to “Resources” then click on “Resources for French”.
12. Create a three-column notes page: divide your paper into 3 columns. In left column, carefully copy 10-15 words you have trouble with. In center put the English definitions (or pictures). Fold paper so only English and blank 3rd column are visible. Look at English and try to write correct French, incl accents in 3rd column. Check your work against the first column and repeat the ones that you got wrong until you are consistently getting them right.
13. For additional listening practice that is authentic (and will NOT be tied to specific vocabulary or structures), try listening to Radio France International or France 24 online. The news reports with video provide an excellent resource since the video increases your ability to understand. You can also try reading articles from online newspapers, such as Le Figaro (http://www.figaro.fr)
Now that you’ve had some time to digest my experience of the first couple of hours of the Google Teacher Academy in London, here are some of my favorite takeaways from the subsequent (but still not all of the remaining) hours.
- Use “street view” in Google maps to give context to literature and historical events and to facilitate students’ pre-thinking before doing written tasks. Want to go even further? Turn your students’ annotated Google maps into videos (including their own narration) using a tool such as http://animaps.com. I hope to use this as one of the main tools students use to complete the “Through their eyes” project referenced in the last post. I hoped to embed a sample, but it didn’t work so here’s a link to a quick example I did using Jing to narrate and record the street-view of my high school. This is just a sample; I don’t have anything special to say. But your students might! Just imagine going on street view to “tour” the sites where history and literature took place!
- Video creation tools students and teachers can use are already compiled in a list provided by YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/create. With carefully crafted goals, objectives, directions, and rubrics, you may find your students demonstrating their knowledge in ways you had never dreamed. Or you could present your own material in new ways. I would encourage you to play with the tools first, however, if they are new to you. It will help immensely in your planning for the first day the students use the tools. On a related note, I almost always plan “play time” first with a new tool before assigning a “high stakes” project to be completed using the tool. This way the students are given the time and support they need to understand the tool before also trying to demonstrate content knowledge using that tool. This is especially true of online animation tools. The students are still speaking French when they “play”; they simply aren’t also worrying about the “project.”
- I’m starting to teach myself some basic Java scripting in order to maximize the potential of certain Google tools, including Google Forms and Google Sites. One of the most useful scripts allows students to click a button on your Google Web Site to submit their assignments (created in Google Docs) directly into a collection in your own Google Docs folder.
- One online tool with great potential–especially for collecting data on how well students are understanding and applying concepts, you can use Flubaroo (which includes the scripts you need) to create self-grading quizzes you can insert into a Google spreadsheet
- The Chrome store could be its own source of great tools for teachers. It is a lot like the iTunes store, but for the Chrome Web browser–the link I provided to the Chrome store will probably only open if you’re in Chrome. Since I haven’t brought this up yet, it’s worth saying here: in case you didn’t already know, Gmail and Google Docs (and probably other Google tools) don’t play nicely with Internet Explorer. Those of you who are experienced Chrome users can skip to the next section, but for the rest of you who are new to Chrome, read on: A few months ago I caved and downloaded Chrome browser in order to increase the functionality of both Gmail and Google Docs. I was very pleased with how well both tools worked once I wasn’t using Internet Explorer. But it wasn’t until Google Teacher Academy that I realized how much more one can do with Chrome browser compared to traditional Web browsers. Imagine you’re on Chrome on your home computer and you find an application or extension you like. Extensions are buttons you ask Chrome to install that appear to the right of the address bar allowing you to access certain tools or carry out certain activities with just one click no matter what Web page you currently happen to be looking at.
The red arrow in the picture below is pointing to two extensions that are installed on my Chrome Browser. The first one (the “plus” sign in the orange background allows to easily share and bookmark. I didn’t have to look for that extension because it is part of Chrome when you install Chrome. But the red box with the “@” symbol I installed. It is discussed below.
- Anyway, you find an extension you like, and you install it in Chrome on your home computer. Then you get to work and open up Chrome on a different computer. Once you sign in (with the same account information you have for Gmail or Google Docs), everything you installed at home is also installed on the work (or other) computer. For example, I added the red “@” extension above that allows me to send any Web page I’m viewing to Evernote just by clicking on it. For fun, I also downloaded apps from the Chrome store just so I could see how this worked. I tried an online typing test from the Chrome store and I also put my WordPress account on my Chrome home page. When I logged into to my computer at work, everything was there for me–the apps, the bookmarks, and the extensions!
- Gmail has “translation bots”. First, find the email address of the language(s) you want. For example, for a translation bot to go from English to French, the address is firstname.lastname@example.org. Add that address to your Gmail contacts. Start a “chat” and invite the bot for the language you want as a participant. Then students can then type in English, and it will do a passable translation into French. As a language teacher, I won’t be using this, but I could see other classes using this if they have collaborative projects going on with classes in other parts of the world. In playing with the French-to-English translation bot, I did find that spelling matters. Some language teachers might find this useful because the students would in theory know what they were trying to say when they typed the sentence in French, but if the English result comes back garbled, there is clearly an error somewhere in the sentence, and the students would have to find out where that error is. But this only has limited application and usefulness in the modern, proficiency-oriented language classroom, the same way students can test their pronunciation by trying to get the French Siri on the iPhone 4S to understand their questions.
- Ngram viewer: this tool is part of the Google books suite. It does a comparative analysis of search terms and works in English, Chinese, French, German, Russian, Hebrew and Spanish. I ran a sample search in French, comparing the terms “holocauste” and “Shoah” from 1920 to 2000. While most English speakers refer to the deportation, imprisonment, torture, and killing of Jews (and other populations) as the “Holocaust,” the term has been replaced with Shoah in French (and I actually heard on NPR recently that the term Shoah is starting to come into usage in English as well). Holocaust technically refers to any destruction or slaughter on a mass scale and originally was a religious term coming from ancient Greece, meaning “whole offering” or “burnt sacrifice”. The Hebrew word Shoahmeans “calamity” or “destruction” and some feel it is more appropriate when applied to the campaign of genocide that occured in WWII. When you look at the results of the Ngram viewer, you can see the change in language usage occur in French literature over time.
If you click on one of the dates in the table displayed below the image, it will bring to you search results in Google for books using those terms.
For example, I clicked on the box on the top left (1920-1989). Here was the result:
I’m still sorting out my own thoughts on the conversations we could have in class regarding the results of carefully selected search terms. I can only imagine the implications in literature and social science courses!
More Google Teacher Academy reflections coming soon…..
If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader
–John Quincy Adams
And with this quote, the whirlwind day and a half at Google Teacher Academy in London began.
I’ve been home from the Google Teacher Academy for four days….and my head is still swimming with everything I learned and with the powerful thinking and philosophy that is challenging my personal status quo. As someone who is accustomed to being relatively savvy when it comes to technology (educational and otherwise), it was a new and refreshing experience for me to be near the bottom of the pack in terms of my familiarity with the full potential of Google tools. As I have told many people who asked me about the experience, GTAUK (as it is affectionately known due to its location in London, England) took me so far out of my normal comfort zone that I felt like a newly-credentialed teacher attending my first professional conference. Yes, I learned that much…and yes, it was that amazing, that energizing, and that overwhelming!
To give you some perspective on just how much there is to learn, internalize and implement at a Google Teacher Academy, consider the fact that I returned home and two days later, signed up for the Google Apps for Education Summit in California this July. And I know full well that many of the topics we explored in London will be repeated there. That’s why I’m attending. I think hearing about them again will work much like recycling material in our K-12 classes: the learner (me) will be better able to apply the material the second time around.
Don’t get me wrong; I definitely intend to implement some of the tools and features, and especially the philosophy (summed up as “Dream Out Loud” and “write our own chapters in the use of Google apps”) this school year, but I suspect I need another go-around with the information before I’m personally able to implement the tools at the deep level of rigor and resourcefulness exhibited by our facilitators and “Lead Learners”.
Here are just some of amazing things I learned that I hope will begin transforming the times, places and spaces in which my students learn.
- Use Google 80/20 time in the classroom!!! What is 80/20? It is the Google philosophy (and put into practice at all Google work sites) that gives employees 20% of their work time to freely play and experiment and create. Google firmly believes that some of their most innovative advances developed out of what was originally one or two (or more) people “playing.” So they pay their employees to play 20% of their scheduled work time. How does this work in the classroom? Some teachers at GTAUK were already doing it, but most of us haven’t implemented it yet. As a French teacher, I would have to have the caveat that the 20% be in French and connected in some way to francophone cultures around the world. Beyond that, I want my students to play, explore and experiment with topics and language of interest to them! If I implement this, I would do it once a week, rather than daily and I would have them journal about the experience each day: What question/topic did they explore? What did they learn? What did they enjoy? What was challenging? Will they continue with the same topic next week? Why? What new questions or ideas do they have now because of the exploration they did today? I also would like to see this culminate in a showcase of some kind. Perhaps a “Google Night” where the students can share what they learned, created, explored, etc. and they could use any format, media or tools they wish to share their findings and creations (or to show the “flow” of their explorations over a period of weeks). Initially, I see this working best with my advanced class, so that’s where I plan to begin implementing it. Then I will work backwards from there, refining the use of “Google time” in my classroom to best unleash the intrinsic learning motivations of each of my students at all levels.
- Google Earth Outreach (projects using google maps to collect data, address real-world problems and propose solutions) http://earth.google.com/outreach
- In Google (search), one can create custom searches where the results are already filtered. Consider embedding the search on your class Web site, give QR code or shortened URL (using goo.gl or Bit.ly). It’s a great way to provide students with pre-screened, relevant sites for them to examine.
- What do you Love search: get results from your search query across multiple Google products: Web sites, maps, blogs, videos, all organized in an attractive page for you to explore.
- In Google Calendar: You can text in an event from my cell phone if you add your cell number to your Google Calendar. Then, to add a new event just type in the following order: event name AT time With person IN/AT location and it will automatically fill in all the fields and populate your calendar. If you already have a calendar in Gmail, to to Calendar Settings, then Mobile Setup, and give it the cell phone number. When you’re ready to add to your calendar from your phone, text the new event to 48368 for it to go to the calendar.
- Consider creating a specific calendar for homework for your students. If you share the calendar with them, it will automatically update for them (and they can even receive “push notifications” if they choose).
- Appointment slots are now available in Google calendar. Must be in day or week mode, not month. When clicking on a time, you now see option to make an appointment slot calendar with 5, 10, 15, 20, 30-minute intervals.
- Need students to go to a Web site from their smart phones, tablets, or even a computer? Some sites have long, nasty URLs. Shorten them at goo.gl (or at Bit.ly or OW.ly). But if you do it with goo.gl, you can go into “details” and there will already be a QR code created of the same site for you.
- Google sites (a Web platform) allows you to not only design clean sites for use by you or your students, but to embed script objects, including a “submit assignment” script that will automatically put their assignment into a collection in your Google Docs account….OK, this is a little more advanced. But I figured it out and created a simple page in Google sites specifically to play with what I learned at GTAUK, and I successfully edited and added the script and then tried submitting my notes from GTAUK, and presto! The notes appeared in the collection I had created for student work in my Google Docs.
- Google Moderator…functions like a back channel, giving your students (or participants in a group or teacher training) the ability to comment on the content, ask questions and share online resources. Click on “create series” to start your own backchannel. Here’s a sample series we did during the Google Teacher Academy using Google Moderator at GTAUK to describe ideas for how to use Google Moderator in the classroom. Note how participants can vote and comment on suggestions, giving it more functionality as a back channel than other options, such as TodaysMeet.
- Why does a presentation have to involve only one media (such as PPT (or Google Presentation): why not flow from material in a Google Doc to data on the same topic in Spreadsheet (maybe with a motion chart…AWESOME: click on the “play” icon under the graph to see the data flow over time from Jan. 1, 1988 to July 1, 1989) to video content you’ve curated on YouTube to Presentation to Forms, etc. If the different media are tightly connected in content, and well organized to blend seemlessly from one to another, this can transform the way students (and others) present their knowledge.
This list is just what impressed me within the first two hours of Google Teacher Academy! Needless to say, I have a lot of work to do and a lot of ground to cover in order to realize my dream of seamlessly and purposefully embedding Google (and other) tools into my practice in order to revolutionize the learning experience for students. Speaking of which, I mentioned we were told to “Dream out loud”, so I might as well share my “dream” use of Google tools here. All participants in a Google Teacher Academy have to develop an action plan of how they will implement Google tools to make a difference in the students they reach (directly and indirectly). So….let me share a bit of my action plan here so you can “hear” my dream:
Even before Google Teacher Academy, I had read about the Google Science Fair and I was intrigued. Here is an event that will feature students from around the world sharing their scientific knowledge with a panel of experts. In this case, the students apply online and the finalists are invited to participate in an in-person event, the Science Fair itself. But the concept got me thinking: how can I create a “World Languages Student Expo” in which students from around the world apply to present in the languages they are studying and their audience would be other students studying the same language as well as native speakers? How can we do this virtually, using Google Tools as well as others to provide virtual spaces in which the students can present and interact with their audiences? I see this as running a bit like the Global Education Collaborative Virtual Conference and the Social Learning Summit, both of which are global, entirely online and free. Initially, I’ll try it with just French, but I hope to figure out how to design a bigger event involving numerous world languages. Our students deserve the chance to show the world what they can do with their new languages, and the World Languages Student Expo could prove to be just the venue.
A similar project I intend to pursue is the “Through Their Eyes” project, which I am already doing with a village in Burkina Faso. Since our partner village in Burkina Faso has no electricity and no Internet, my students and I do all correspondence through traditional postal mail, including sending disposable cameras to the village so the inhabitants can take pictures of life “Through Their Eyes” for us. But with Google tools, we can now connect students with peers around the world to create online presentations of life “Through Their Eyes”. They would begin by constructing a tour in Google maps showing their hometown or through their eyes, with photos and text embedded in the map as they lead the viewer on a tour of their hometown. These maps could be narrated and automated so that they run as a video using a tool such as Animaps. Subsequent “chapters” of the “Through Their Eyes” project might include photos, text, and voice describing themes such as “family life”, “holidays,” and “daily life”. The point is to blend photos with text and audio and other information, such as maps, to give the partner school and their students a window into the lives of peers from another culture. Of course, in a language class, this has the double benefit of providing substantial, relevant language practice.
So there you have it…my first comprehensible (I hope) thoughts among the many more that are still swirling about in my brain after Google Teacher Academy.